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Recently, large-scale testing of Prague‘s public transportation system for signs of Covid-19 transmissibility was initiated by the Prague Public Transit Company (DPP). The extensive testing of the system, which was carried out in April 2021 by researchers from the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), found no evidence of the infectious presence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
The inaccessibility of African montane forests has hindered efforts to quantify the carbon stored by these ecosystems. A remarkable survey fills this knowledge gap, and highlights the need to preserve such forests. An international team, including the scientist from the Institute of Botany of the CAS, showed that those forests store more carbon than was thought.
HiLASE Centre as a part of the Institute of Physics of the CAS has achieved the world record in the speed production of laser-induced periodic nanostructures on stainless steel surface. The Laser Micromachining team led by Peter Hauschwitz applied a concept of multi-beam processing of the record speed of 1909 cm2/min to create nanostructures on stainless steel.
Is it possible to produce water that is as conductive as, say, a copper wire? Scientists have hypothesized that this may take place in the cores of large planets, where high pressure compresses water molecules to the point that their electron shells begin to overlap.
On Friday, August 20, 2021, the last experiment took place on the COMPASS tokamak, operated by scientists from Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS. In 12 years of operation, more than 21,000 high-temperature plasma discharges have been conducted on it.
The establishment of the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) ERIC opens the door for researchers, industry and countries to gain access to the world’s largest collection of super powerful and ultra-fast lasers for science.
The success of a bone marrow transplant depends on the optimal condition of the donor hematopoietic stem cells administered to the patient. Researchers have recently discovered that cells previously considered harmless can reduce the success of transplantation. An international research team led by Meritxell Alberich-Jorda (Institute of Molecular Genetics of the CAS) published a study in the Stem Cell Reports journal that identifies cells and molecules present in the donor’s blood as key elements controlling hematopoietic stem cell activity in bone marrow transplantation.
In the new research, a team of scientists led by David Staněk (Institute of Molecular Genetics of the CAS) described a protein responsible for a correct assembly, and thus, the function of the so-called splicing complex, one of the largest molecular complexes in human cells composed of 150 different components. Their results were published a few days ago by Nature Communications journal.
The new record in multibeam laser nanostructuring, with respect to the number of laser beams simultaneously modifying the material surface, was reached due to the active scientific cooperation of HiLASE Centre of the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences with the Israeli company HOLO/OR Ltd.