5. New Materials Based on Metals, Ceramics and Composites
NEW METALS BASED ON METALS, CERAMICS AND COMPOSITES
prof. RNDr. Ludvík Kunz, CSc., dr. h. c.
Institute of Physics of Materials of the CAS
- Research and development of new functional and engineering materials on metal, ceramics and composite base
- Deep understanding of properties of these materials in relation to their structure and to engineering applications
- Integration of research community of the Czech Academy of Sciences and raising awareness of the industrial sector
- Efficient use of large research infrastructures
Participating CAS Institutes
Institute of Physics of Materials
Institute of Physics
Nuclear Physics Institute
Institute of Plasma Physics
Institute of Scientific Instruments
Institute of Thermomechanics
Institute of Geonics
Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics
The program could make use besides the laboratories of participating research teams in the institutes of CAS also existing and new build research infrastructures like HILASE, CEITEC, IPMinfra, I4T, CANAM, ALISI.
První brněnská strojírna Velká Bíteš, a. s.
Bonatrans, a. s.
Research Centre Řež
Research and Testing Institute Plzen
Hanon Systems, a. s.
DT- Pointworks and Engineering,
Czech and foreign universities and other institutes
Human society has always been, still is and always will be critically dependent on materials. Engineering materials make a basis for progress of technology and development in all branches of industry: as from high strength steels for industrial applications, superalloys for power generation and aircraft engines, biocompatible metals for life-saving medical implants, building materials, nanomaterials with unique properties, up to functional materials and composites. Sustainable progress cannot be reached without basic material research and without thorough understanding of relations between parameters of material microstructure and material behavior. Obviously, permanent attention is paid worldwide to the advancement of new materials and new processing technologies. The research often receives pronounced support at the governmental level in the advanced countries.
Material research should be therefore considered as one of the crucial fields of the strategically oriented research in the Czech Academy of Sciences. It turns out that the complexity, interdisciplinary nature, and expensiveness of experimental work require coordination of the research within the groups of scientists in diverse institutes of the Czech Academy of Sciences and exploitation of newly found and build large research infrastructures. It is believed that this way can create sufficiently broad-based interdisciplinary research environment necessary for effective solving of new challenges in material science. Taking into account the extremely expensive experimental facilities for advanced material research, the high-quality project of long-term targeting and enabling procurement of large investments are necessary in the Czech Republic. This project has to substantially exceed the short-term research projects supported by various grant agencies.