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A new way to control the electronic and magnetic properties of molecules has been discovered by scientists from the Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials (RCPTM) at Palacký University Olomouc, together with colleagues from the Institutes of Physics (FZU) and Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry (IOCB) of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Commonly, a change in the electronic configuration of molecules can be induced by application of external stimuli, such as light, temperature, pressure, and magnetic field. Czech scientists have instead developed a revolutionary way to use weak non-covalent interactions of molecules with the surface of chemically modified graphene. This achievement has been published in the prestigious Nature Communications journal.
Representatives of the Academies of Sciences of the Visegrád Four (V4) countries, that is the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, held their annual meeting on 11–13 September 2018. This year they met at the invitation of the President of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS) at the Liblice Castle in Central Bohemia.
Beginning in September 2018, caricatures of Czech scientists will appear on postcards and stamps of Czech Post (Česká pošta) through its service Pohlednice Online. Using the application, you can create and send a classic paper postcard directly from the Internet. These days, all these postcards will bear the cartoon image of Jiřina Čížková, an outstanding Czech physician and pioneer of children’s endocrinology.
The president of India Ram Nath Kovind and his Czech counterpart Miloš Zeman have signed three understandings of their countries’ mutual cooperation, two of which pertain to the area of science. After the signing which took place on Friday, September 7, 2018, both sides had a ceremonial lunch in the Vladislav Hall of the Prague Castle.
After 13 years of meticulous effort, 200 scientists from 20 countries managed to decode the genome of wheat, one of the most common crops in agriculture. The results, reached with a significant participation of experts from the Institute of Experimental Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences, will facilitate a faster breeding of wheat varieties with better qualities, as well as help people with allergy to gluten.
On 20 August, Prime Minister Andrej Babiš visited the world's unique laser research centre – ELI Beamlines in Dolní Břežany. The centre is managed by the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences. The Prime Minister visited the centre along with leading representatives of the Czech Academy of Sciences: President Eva Zažímalová and Vice-Presidents Jan Řídký, Zdeněk Havlas and Pavel Baran. Discussions focused mainly on the operation of the centre. The Prime Minister was particularly interested in the long-term sustainability of ELI Beamlines and in its contribution to the international scientific community.
Following the Resolution of the Presidium of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences of 15 June 2018 and the open letter of ALLEA, both referring to the proposed amendment of the Law on the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Law on the 2019 state budget of Hungary, the Partner Academies of Sciences of the Visegrad Group Forum fully support the demand to withdraw the proposed amendments from voting and to allow for wider consultations with all relevant stakeholders, in particular with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Dr Jan Hrusak was elected new European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) Chair on the 65th ESFRI plenary session held on Greek island of Corfu on 28th June 2018.
Replacing coal with forest biomass in power stations is not a simple fix – forest biomass with long carbon payback periods could increase atmospheric CO2 levels, putting Paris Agreement targets at risk.
One of the world’s most important theoretical chemists, Hiroshi Nakatsuji, was awarded the honorary medal “De scientia et humanitate optime meritis” of the Czech Academy of Sciences. This award has been granted since 1996 to outstanding domestic and foreign personalities for particularly meritorious activity in the field of science and humanitarian ideas.