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In last five to fifteen years, response diversity of wheat – an important sign of its resilience – has decreased significantly in most European countries. The loss of resilience occurs both in central European and northern European, as well as southern European countries. These findings, gathered with participation of Czech scientists, were published in the prestigious PNAS journal.
European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO), comprising of more than 1800 leading researchers in life sciences, awarded EMBO Installation Grants to ten young scientists establishing independent laboratories in the Czech Republic, Poland, Portugal, and Turkey. Among the supported researchers, announced in December, is also one Czech scientist – Martin Schwarzer from the Institute of Microbiology of the CAS.
At the end of the year 2018, the Czech Academy of Sciences signed a memorandum of understanding with the Brazilian organisation SENAI, which focuses on education in industrial areas, support of innovations, and transfer of technology. The memorandum was signed by the CAS President Eva Zažímalová, SENAI President Robson Braga de Andrade, and SENAI CEO Rafael Esmeraldo Lucchesi Ramacciotti.
A group of four Czech scientists from the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics of the Charles University and from the Institute of Mathematics of the CAS has managed to discover a solution of the so-called quadratic gravity describing a new type of spherical black hole. The research, drawing on numerical simulations by an international team of scientists, has been published in the prestigious journal Physical Review Letters.
Four outstanding Czech scientists were awarded prestigious medals for long-term accomplishments and advancements of their fields of science: geneticist Jiří Forejt, botanist Jan Krekule, physicist Jiří J. Mareš, and geologist Zdeněk Vašíček. The laureates received the medals on Wednesday, December 12, from the President of the CAS Eva Zažímalová herself.
Cancer cells with damaged mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is necessary for mitochondrial respiration, are unable to form tumors. Researchers from the Institute of Biotechnology of the CAS in the BIOCEV centre have already proven that in order to be able to do so, cancer cells need to restore respiration through “stealing” of mitochondria with undamaged mtDNA from surrounding non-cancer cells. Now a subsequent research has managed to explain why respiration is so important for the creation of tumors.
This year’s winner of the global Dream Chemistry Award competition, organized by the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences together with the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, is Dr. Eric Daniel Glowacki from the Linköping University. The Scientific Committee praised his project on catalysts for the production of clean energy from the hydrogen peroxide.
The current approach to food, nutrition, agriculture, and the environment is unsustainable and must change. There is no time to waste, say the130 national academies of science and medicine across Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe that compose the InterAcademy Partnership
When a musical group or orchestra play dissonant tones, listeners are disappointed and unlucky. In the nature of our planet there is an orchestra whose consonance can lead to disasters. It is known as El Niño. A Czech team from the Institute of Computer Science of the CAS has recently contributed to a better understanding of this phenomenon and its basic components or tones.
How an evolutionary conserved protein complex works in mitochondria, the powerhouses of eukaryotic cells, was published by researchers at Biology Center AS CR in the prestigious journal Current Biology. The editorial board selected the study as a featured article that is freely available to readers.