mullerovaIn 1976–81 Ilona Müllerová studied at the Electrical Engineering Faculty of Brno University of Technology. In 1990 she was awarded her PhD at the Czech Technical University in Prague in the field of electrical and vacuum technology and there she acquired her DrSc. degree in 2001 upon defence of the dissertation entitled The scanning electron microscopy with slow electrons. Since 1973 she has worked at the Institute of Scientific Instruments of the CAS; from 1993 to 2012 she was a group leader of microscopy with slow electrons; from 1999 to 2012 she was also a head of the Department of Electron Optics. Since 2012 she has been a director of the Institute of Scientific Instruments of the CAS and at the same time she has led the Group of Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Surfaces. She has delivered a series of invited lectures at international conferences and universities abroad and she has participated in numerous internships abroad, the longest of which was a one-year stay at the University of Toyama (Japan) and a similar stay at the University of York (UK).

She has been dealing for a long time with scanning electron microscopy with slow and very slow electrons, not only in terms of surface physics but also in terms of the design of electron optical systems, both the illuminating and detection. She has supervised a series of dissertations. In 2000 she was a member of the organising committee and a secretary of the 12th European Congress on Electron Microscopy in Brno. In 1989–2006 she organised a series of ten international seminars concerning the surface physics and charged particle optics. It is a founder of the course in fundamentals of electron microscopy regularly organised by the Department of Electron Optics of the Institute of Scientific Instruments of the CAS. She is a member of the Scientific Board of Brno University of Technology and of other important committees. She is the author and co-author of 300 peer-reviewed journal articles and original papers at international conferences, including three parts of monographs and 81 articles of JIF cited 585 times. She has researched a wide range of projects, including the EU projects. She was awarded the Japan Institute of Metals and the International Metallographic Society. In 2012 she was awarded a prize of the Czechoslovak Microscopy Society for lifetime achievement in microscopy and in 2013 the Czech Head Award of Kapsch – Invention.

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